271 Million People Have Been Lifted From Poverty In India, UN Says

It's an encouraging sign.

A United Nations report says India has lifted 271 million people out of poverty over the last 10 years.

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), developed by the UN and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) was released Thursday. The United Nation's MPI does more than just measure income — it looks at rates of malnutrition, access to clean water, health outcomes, levels of education and even the kinds of work people are doing.


"In India, there were 271 million fewer people in poverty in 2016 than in 2006, while in Bangladesh the number dropped by 19 million between 2004 and 2014," the report said.

A group of Indian children in Raxaul, Bihar state, India. Bihar is one of the poorest states in India. The per capita income is about 300 dollars.
Shutterstock / Travel Stock

According to the report, 640 million people in India were in "multidimensional poverty" in 2005 — that number was down to 365 million in 2017. Forbes reported that part of India's initiatives to improve standards of living included "improving electricity access and extending sanitation coverage."

The news was celebrated globally and experts are focusing on the fact child poverty fell faster in India and neighboring countries than adult poverty. That news paints a brighter outlook for the next generation.

"To fight poverty, one needs to know where poor people live," Achim Steiner, the United Nations Development Program administrator, said. "They are not evenly spread across a country, not even within a household."


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